A trip to Nepal is incomplete if you have got not been on a jungle safari. whereas the mountains of the north have a number of the best and most opulent peaks within the world, the tropical jungles of the Terai preserve a number of the simplest wildlife habitat within the Subcontinent. a number of these made wildlife habitats are currently protected, and might be toured on elephant back, 4WD, dugout canoe or on foot in the course of a licensed guide.
Nepal has wildlife reserves, conservation areas and sixteen national parks, occupying Sixteen Personality Factor Questionnaire of its total geographical space. Jungle safaris on elephant back or Jeep rides are offered at the Parsa Wildlife Reserve, Royal Chitwan National Park, Royal Bardia National Park and therefore the Royal Suklaphanta wildlife reserve, all located within the Terai.
Royal Chitwan National Park is that the hottest destination for tourists needing to have an honest expertise of the region's wildlife. it absolutely was declared a National Park in 1973. In 1984, UNESCO designated it as a plants Heritage web site. The Park offers protection to fifty six species of mammals as well as the one-horned rhinoceros, Bengal tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wild elephant, striped hyena, Gangetic dolphin and wild bison. There are an estimated 470 species of mammals, over five hundred species of birds, 126 species of fish, one hundred fifty species of butterflies and forty seven species of reptiles within the park! A recent study conjointly points out that over a 3rd of Nepal's tigers are in Chitwan.
The park is unfold over a district of 932 sq. kms and located within the lowlands of the dominion. The forest cowl is predominantly sal, interspersed with tall grasslands, tiny hills, ox-bow lakes and flood plains.
The best time to go to Chitwan is from October through February, when the temperature averages twenty five degrees Celsius. The months of March, April and June will be very hot, whereas July-September is that the monsoon season when rivers swell and components of the park are inaccessible.
Access and Accomodation for Chitwan: RNAC has daily flights from Katmandu to Meghauli ($72 every way), and flights to Bharatpur ($55) every approach. If you wish to remain at Sauraha, the budget accommodation place for Chitwan, get to Tadi bazaar, located fifteen km east of Narayanghat on the Mahendra Highway. Royal Chitwan National Park is definitely accessible by road from Kathmandu, connected because it is by a national highway from Bharatpur to Sauraha. The state-run Sajha Yatayat buses price around $ one.2 from Katmandu or Pokhara, whereas tourist buses price around $2.5. There are greenline air-conditioned buses between Katmandu and Sauraha at $7.
The other exciting thanks to get to Chitwan is to require a 2-3 day rafting trip down the Trisuli river to Narayanghat, or directly into the Western fringe of the park. There are lots of jungle lodges and hotels in and around Chitwan. The lodges within the park are expensive. For budget accommodation, glance through Sauraha and take your choose of a spread of fine lodges.
The Royal Bardia National Park is unfold over 968 sq. km and located within the Western Nepal Terai. it's simply the biggest and least disturbed wilderness unfold within the Terai, and is predominantly Sal forest sprinkled with tall grasslands. it's sure on the north by the Chure hills and is skirted on the West by the Geruwa river.
It is here that your possibilities of recognizing a tiger in Nepal are the very best. alternative animals embrace the rhinoceros, swamp deer, leopards, jungle cats, blue bull (nilgai) sloth bears, barking deer and langurs.
There are some wild elephants, and one amongst the males is taken into account the biggest in Asia!
The Geruwa river that rushes in through a chance within the hill vary is home to the famous masher game fish, gharial, mugger crocodile and also the freshwater Gangetic dolphin. The park conjointly has cobras, kraits and pythons.
The park boasts over 250 species of birds, as well as the endangered Bengal florican, Sarus crane and lots of species of geese, ducks and parakeets.
The activities embrace jungle safari on elephant back, walks, boat rides and Jeep drives. the simplest time to go to is from October-March.Royal
Access and Accomodation for Chitwan for Bardia: The reach the Royal Bardia National Park, there are daily flights additionally as public buses from Katmandu to Nepalgunj. The park workplace is situated at Thakurdwara, twenty km southwest along a mud road from Anbassa on the Mahendra Highway. The drive from Nepalgunj takes but 2-1/2 hours, though native buses take for much longer. For Thakurdwara, there are some of direct buses from Nepalgunj at eleven a.m. and 2:30 p.m., taking 3-4 hours and costing $1.
Night buses from Kath-mandu to Mahendra-nagar will drop you at Anbassa throughout the week hours. Buses to Mahendra-nagar charge $2.5 and to Pokhara $5.
There are variety of lodges and hotels that have recently sprung up, therefore there's no real drawback for accommodation. However, within the season, it should be advisable to form a booking before heading out.
Suklaphanta Wildlife Reserve may be a smaller (305 sq km) version of Bardia. Located at the southwestern extreme of the dominion, its topography is primarily riverine floodplain, open grassland and sal forest. It conjointly includes a massive lake and also the Bahini river flows through the park.
The park is home to tiger, leopard, an honest variety of swamp deer (prime habitat, usually sighted), otters, his-pid hare, blue bull (nilgai), leopard, hog deer and wild boar.
The park conjointly has over three hundred species of birds and most of the tourists who create the trip here are keen bird watchers. Reptiles embrace gharial and mugger crocodiles, Indian python, cobras, kraits, rat snakes and monitor lizards.
Activities embrace wildlife watching on elephant back and jungle walks. the simplest time visit is February-March.
Access and Accomodation for Chitwan for Royal Suklaphanta: The reserve is near Mahen-dranagar on the Indian border. The ranger's workplace is three km past the airport, and is accessible by rickshaw. the corporate operating within the park picks up guests at the airport for $10. The accommodation provided here is in comfy safari tents and also the worth ($150) includes meals, game drives and walks.
There are regular buses and flights to Mahendranagar from Kathmandu.
Parsa Wildlife Reserve is found to the east of the Royal Chitwan National Park. it's unfold over 499 sq. km of hills and flatlands, and includes a sub-tropical monsoon cli-mate. The forests are predominantly sal, with alternative species like chir pine, sissoo and khair, and grasslands creating up the remainder. This reserve has tigers, leopards, sloth bears, wild dogs (dhole), blue bull (nilgai), hog beer and barking deer. It is also home to over three hundred species of birds, as well as the endangered large hornbill and also the Bengal florican. Snakes found are cobras, kraits and pythons.
October to March is simply right for a visit. Activities embrace safaris on elephant back and jeep, and jungle walks.
Access and Accomodation for Chitwan for Parsa: The reserve headquarters for Parsa is found at Adabar on the Hetauda-Birganj highway, and simply accessible from Kathmandu. it's connected by daily flights to Simra and buses that ply frequently on the national highway.
What to bring along
Although the Terai will be cool throughout the winter, it will be stiflingly hot throughout the summer months. If you're headed there in winter, bring along a sweater or jacket. Summer months need cool garments, smart walking shoes, shady hat and sunscreen. certify your garments are in colours-like brown and green- that assist you mix into the background.
Carry along some mosquito repellant, anti-diarrhea tablets and anti-histamines. Meanwhile, together with photo equipment, a combine of binoculars can prove invaluable. If you're nearer to the mon-soon months, carry some waterproof jackets and an additional combine of shoes. simply in case.
The Terai jungles are famous for leeches that seem within the monsoon and are around for some months once. Salt or a lighted cigarette can create them fall off, don't pull them off because the wound could get infected. attempt an insect repellant to stay them away.