Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Worlds Highest Mountain - Everest

Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world. It is at an elevation of 29,035 feet(8850 meters). It is in the mountain range called the Himalayas. The summit ridge of this highest peak separates Nepal and China. Each of these two countries has a special name for this mountain. The Nepalese name is "Sagarmatha", which means 'Goddess of the sky'. The Tibetan name is "Chomolungma", which means 'Mother goddess of the universe'. In English, Mount Everest is named after Sir George Everest, the first person to record the height and location of the mountain.

On May 29, 1953, Edmund Hillary of New Zealand and Tenzing Norgay of Nepal became the first human beings to conquer Mount Everest. On April 22, 1993, Pasang Lhamu Sherpa became the first Nepalese woman to climb to the top of Mount Everest.

Mount Everest is one of the highest mountains in the world. It is part of the Himalayan mountains. They were formed in the last million years. After the supercontinent of Laurasia broke up millions of years ago, India moved slowly north towards Asia and then crashed into him. The seabed between the two plates (the earth's
 crust is divided into large areas of land called plates) was crumbled and pushed up on the northern edge of India to form mountains. These two crustal plates are moving, so the Himalaya rose higher. 
The world's highest mountain, Mount Everest is growing two inches taller each year. Satellite technology says the mountain is currently 29,107 feet. First recognized as the highest out in 1852, got its western name ten years later, in 1862. Mount Everest was named after Sir George Everest (1790-1866), a British surveyor. Inspectors do not agree on the height of Mount Everest. The British government in 1800 thought the height was 29,002 feet. In 1954, the government of India said it is 29,028 feet, but a widely used unofficial figure says it is 29,141 feet! Mount Everest lies on the border between Nepal and Tibet. The people of the Western Hemisphere were not allowed to climb Mount Everest until early 1920. The first known ascent that rose to the top was made by a New Zealander named Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay Napalese name. He climbed the mountain in 1953. Since then Everest has been climbed by 400 people. Access is restricted by the Nepalese to avoid too much damage to the environment. Mount Everest is 97 degrees below zero, talk about cold!

Definition of Mount Everest : a mountain in the central Himalayas on the border of Tibet and Nepal; the highest mountain peak in the world.
Nepali Name : Sagarmatha (which means Goddess of the sky) 
Tibetan Name : Chomolungma (which means mother Goddess of the Universe)
Height : 8848 meters or 29,029 ft 
Location : On the border between Nepal and Tibet, where all of the worlds 14 Eight thousand meter peaks are found.
Longitude : 86ยบ55'40' E Latitude latitude 270 45’ N and 280 0’ N and longitude 800 30’ E and 870 0’ E in the Solukhumbhu District of Sagarmatha Zone of the kingdom of Nepal
Local People : Sherpas and Tibetan


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